Country News North Korea

Past Presidents of North Korea – The Mausoleum


Afront the lodge room’s wall mirror I straighten my tie, tuck in my cotton shirt and provides my gown footwear one last shine. It was early morning in Pyongyang and my every day ritual was at present accompanied by the background drone of North Korean State Tv — militaristic musical odes to Kim Il-Sung, censored information broadcasts and aged footage of Kim Jong-Il nodding his head in the direction of corn plantations. This was all a part of a wholesome North Korean breakfast, I used to be now able to deal with my day motivated and impressed. Moments later, I used to be nudged onto a bus headed in the direction of the capital’s outskirts with 5 state-sanctioned guides on some of the ‘essential’ visitations of my life. Oddly sufficient, to go to these two aforementioned gents within the flesh. Whom might I add, additionally died 4 and twenty-one years in the past respectively. Welcome to a different day in North Korea.

It had all of the hallmarks of a job interview, solely it wasn’t. I had a selected timeslot, I felt considerably nervous, formal apparel was obligatory, and most significantly, there was an expectation that I’d be educated and passionate a few matter that in actuality, I knew comparatively little about. Yep, definitely felt like a job interview. Both method, this was shaping as much as be fairly the duty after a regrettably late night time sinking marinated Snake Soju within the Yangakkdo’s karaoke bar. One slip up or signal of disrespect as we speak, intentional or in any other case, even a lot as not bowing when required and I’d be detained and dragged off kicking and screaming to a cell to play playing cards with Kenneth Bae. One thing I paid good cash for, by the best way.

Goodness, writing that out certainly places it into perspective.

dprk-mausoleum-view-from-martyrs-cemetaryPyongyang as seen from the Revolutionary Martyrs’ Cemetary. The compound to the bottom-right of that spiked constructing (Ryugyong Lodge) is The Mausoleum, also called the Kumsusan Palace of the Solar.

The vacation spot, recognized merely as ‘The Mausoleum’ to outsiders is the holiest constructing in North Korea, an in any other case atheist nation. Inside, the embalmed our bodies of Everlasting President Kim Il-Sung and since 2011, his son Supreme Chief Kim Jong-Il, lie in state inside climate-controlled clear glass sarcophagi on your viewing pleasure. They’re surrounded by mazing marble hallways, every a trove of their lifelong treasures and accomplishments. Eyes peer at you from each nook whether or not it’s by way of digital camera or the abundance of guards. Entry is from an underground tunnel a whole lot of metres away — in some ways, a leaf has been taken from Egypt’s guide of pyramid inside design. The unmistakeable inventory portraits of every, consultant of what looks like each road nook of Pyongyang cling defiantly on the restricted partitions outdoors, the place every customer should bow to their likeness.

Actually, this constructing is not any joke. Certainly one of biblical proportions fenced in by State legal guidelines paradoxically denouncing faith as punishable by demise. Juche, a political ideology of ‘self-reliance’ with spiritual undertones is the flavour of North Korea’s perception system and is practised by all North Korean residents. Not by selection. Kim Il-Sung coined the ideology, initially as ‘Kimilsung-ism’ (critically) and therefore, retains the throne because the demi-god to all ‘believers’. The Jerusalem, Mecca, Temple Mount – no matter, this constructing is North Korea’s equal, romanticised to locals solely because the Kumsusan Palace of the Solar.

dprk-mausoleum-soldiersdprk-mausoleum-soldiersYounger troopers arriving on the Kumsusan Palace of the Solar to pay their respects.

Our guides lined us up single file previous to entry, providing a rundown on proceedings forward and etiquette required. No talking, stand straight with arms to your sides, stay in line and all the time bow when required. So, collectively we marched forwards into this misplaced extravagance like child chicks behind mom hen in a means that took me again to childhood scouts camp.

First got here the ‘cloakroom’, all belongings except for the shirt on my again was handed throughout instead of a numbered ticket for assortment once we have been to go away. Sadly, right here is the place I need to break the information to you that this included our cameras, therefore neither I nor anyone else has photographs from inside these secretive partitions. To make sure we weren’t wacky sufficient to tug a swift one in Kim Il-Sung’s old-age facility, a metallic detector was conveniently positioned forward to uncover any paraphernalia. A troublesome place for a selfie, sorry guys, it simply wasn’t attainable.

Curiously, native North Korean guests had additional safety screening together with having their pictures taken and an iris scan earlier than being whisked out a special door. Why, or the place this led, I don’t know. We then encountered a flowery automated shoe cleaner earlier than being launched right into a spotlessly polished white marble corridor stretching so far as the attention might see.

83-north-korea-mausoleum-ladies83-north-korea-mausoleum-ladiesAll North Korean ladies put on conventional gown on such an necessary visitation. Civilians of all ages make the pilgrimage from everywhere in the nation.

Right here, we start our journey into the palace. Let me set the scene for you:

One kilometre of travelator. Motion velocity: Snail. No strolling allowed. Superb, orchestral music of Nice Korea. Lining the partitions have been a whole lot upon lots of of huge, gold-framed pictures straight out of Bowser’s Fort on Tremendous Mario 64. Every photograph was both a press-release snap of Kim Il-Sung and Kim Jong-Il engaging in the world inside North Korea or an illustration of heat overseas relations with different world-power heavyweights. Assume Castro, Ghadaffi, Mao, Stalin, Putin, Ho Chi Minh…and U.S president Jimmy Carter. They’re all there. One huge joyful household. Handshakes and ear-to-ear grins have been focal factors to each photograph. The environment was surreal. That is the North Korea I anticipated to see.

This travelator took no less than twenty minutes, if no more. In fact, this was no accident, this was our time to mourn and mirror upon the lives of two males who made the North Korean Dream a actuality for all. In the meantime, a look outdoors the adjoining window nearing the palace revealed a minimum of fifteen ‘privileged’ Pyongyang ladies gardening a single grass patch concurrently utilizing makeshift brooms constructed from sticks.

101-pyongyang-gardening101-pyongyang-gardeningThe privileged working class of Pyongyang. When labour is reasonable, or free and in excessive provide, that is how gardens are maintained.

Ushers direct our path into the palace, the place ceremonial flowers are introduced on the ft of two big white marble statues of each leaders. The room was dim, tall, and spacious, like a church corridor, the place even the silence would echo. Dramatic purple mild introduced every sculpture, a illustration of North Korea’s nationwide shade. Korean Individuals’s Military officers stand to every aspect, separated by Korean Employee’s Social gathering flags and brandishing silver AK47’s. We synchronously bow on the designated line.

Initially, this constructing was Kim Il-Sung’s official residence, in some ways The White Home. Ultimately, it was reworked into his last resting place by Kim Jong-Il after his father’s demise in 1994. It was estimated at a staggering $500-$900 million USD renovation. It was no low cost enterprise. Coincidently throughout this yr till 1998, North Korea endured its worst famine in historical past the place as much as three.5 million died from hunger or hunger-related sicknesses as state allotted rations dropped to 20% of what the Worlds Meals Program describes as a ‘survival ration’. Learn into that what you would like, however there’s no denying the allocation of State assets throughout this time was irresponsible.

dprk-mausoleum-monumentdprk-mausoleum-monumentPatriotic monument featured within the gardens of the Mausoleum.

A lavish, golden regally decored carry you’d sooner anticipate in a 5-star deluxe lodge then ascended us to the ready room previous Kim Il-Sung’s Mausoleum.

Males wearing black, the North Korean equal of the USA Secret Service have been on each nook and doorway to the tall, open area room. Every had hid pistols in holsters — the one time I noticed officers like this in your complete nation. It was fairly loud on this flooring and we swiftly found why; monumental air blowers had been put in to take each speck of mud from our apparel earlier than we’d be blessed with the Shining Solar’s presence. For a second there, I virtually felt like a plastic bag…drifting via the wind. Sorry, mistimed The Interview reference. However by any measure, gone was my completely styled buzz reduce.

We regrouped and on our guides’ path have been ultimately allowed inside.

The room was darkish, a curtained area of marble flooring and wall dimmed in pink lighting with the highlight to the centre within the chamber.

And there he was. The person himself. Everlasting President Kim Il-Sung.

Mendacity on a tabletop contained in the crystal glass sarcophagus as promised lay his lifeless physique of the final 21 years. That’s a very long time, lifeless and preserved lengthy sufficient to be of authorized consuming age in Arizona. Perspective. His physique was draped within the pink flag of the Staff’ Get together of Korea, higher torso seen in a darkish go well with jacket and his shiny, virtually waxy head angled upwards by a pillow. Madame Tussauds can be proud. To be trustworthy, he appeared just a little too well-preserved – though one among my guides did point out the Mausoleum undergoes closure some months of the yr for, properly, corpse upkeep. Surrounding his casing have been downward sloping beds of flowers. Not simply any flower thoughts you, however the fabled pink Kimilsungia. I’m not making this up.

Our line, now crammed with native guests, all with Kim Il-Sung’s head pinned upon their coronary heart, advance ahead melding into teams of 4 on the entrance. This was in preparation for a bow, crucial one in North Korea — a bow to the Nation’s sensible, revered, sensible and distinctive father. The supply of North Korea’s timeless prosperity.

Now, this right here is a type of occasions that as a vacationer in North Korea, your social-justice warrior act of defiance by refusing to bow would result in your arrest for political crimes. Korean Individuals’s Military officers breathe down your neck from the room’s outskirts, watching intently as every group approaches Kim Il-Sung to bow. Not as soon as, however 3 times, might I add. As soon as on the ft, as soon as on the left and as soon as on the correct – however completely not on the head. As in fact, that may allude to wanting down upon the person consultant of the height of greatness.

As I accomplished the formality, I felt fairly relieved such a easy requirement was carried out and dusted. It was fairly tense. As we exited, one other vacationer and I exchanged gazes as if to say ‘Properly, yep, he’s definitely lifeless…I don’t know what else we have been anticipating’. It was a wierd go to.

However, in fact, that is North Korea, and it obtained stranger.

24-kumusan-palace-of-the-sun-mausoleum24-kumusan-palace-of-the-sun-mausoleumSuperbly manicured gardens to the entrance of the Mausoleum. The gardens are a well-liked spot for native guests to take group pictures of their go to.

The next variety of rooms have been laid out as shrines, linear walk-throughs with tons of, if not hundreds of Kim Il-Sung’s ‘achievements’ — medals, certifications, plaques, and trophies. I exploit quotes right here as a result of the legitimacy of those might be questioned at greatest and have been straight up fraudulent at worst. Most have been from inside North Korea, nevertheless, there have been show cupboards sectioned for every continent. Each democratic nation was represented, as have been worldwide personal enterprises (tsk tsk). To broaden, there was a Ph.D. certification from Kensington College in California, upon nearer inspection, a for-profit unaccredited diploma mill since closed by authorities. ‘Keys to the Metropolis’ got and displayed proudly for an obscure district inside a small province of the Cusco area of Peru’s Southern Highlands. The ‘Peace Award’ of Africa was showcased, a big golden trophy, as was the ‘Honorary Citizenship of Ecuador’. There was even an award for ‘peace, justice and humanity’ exhibited with satisfaction from an Indonesian basis. Scholarly robes have been hung, encased in glass apart all his instructional accreditations.

It was completely weird. The give attention to perceived worldwide significance was definitely evident right here, which I discovered most ironic contemplating North Korea’s enforced boycott of the surface world.

Numerous medals sat inside open velvet casings laden in silk, illuminated by shiny mild — Hero of the Republic, Hero of Labour, Medal of Agriculture Deserves, Army Service Honour and commemorative gadgets of the Nice Fatherland Liberation Warfare. The listing went on. The medal ‘For The Victory Over Japan’ lay subsequent to the Japanese Peace Medal. Poetic. Alike the robes, army uniforms have been additionally encased in glass cupboards beside these medals.

Kim Jong-Il’s achievement room was comparable, he notably acquired the Worldwide Kim Il-Sung Prize Certificates, awarded for (and that is the precise wording): …the distinguished contribution to the sacred reason for independence and peace on the globe by means of software of the good Juche concept. Spherical of applause, Kim.

Kim Jong-Il’s mausoleum was likewise virtually precisely as his fathers’, with the identical formal entry course of together with one other air blower – I’ll prevent the element. Nevertheless I’ll point out that he wasn’t sporting his signature sun shades (I used to be genuinely stunned), he was outfitted in that darn olive zip-up go well with he wore actually in all places, and he additionally appeared as if he’d simply had a recent haircut. He didn’t look kind of lifeless than his father. Properly, that was a bizarre sentence to sort. Anyway, oh, and, in fact, he wasn’t surrounded by Kimilsungilia’s. Don’t be foolish. It was the pink Kimjongilia as an alternative. As soon as once more, not making this up.

108-kimjongilia-flowers108-kimjongilia-flowersThe Kimjongilia. It’s a kind of begonia, ‘Kimjongilhwa’ and was Kim Jong-Il’s favorite flower.

At this level, we anticipated that to be a wrap. We’d paid our respects and been reminded of all of the fascinating accomplishments. However wait, there’s extra. Identical to a 4am infomercial.

North Korea have an unhealthy obsession with preserving sentimental gadgets. Gadgets used and even touched by the leaders turn out to be in some ways holy. Chairs Kim Il-Sung sat upon and the stationary he used have been encased in glass viewing packing containers and even areas Kim Jong-Il has walked upon are commonly engraved with a purple ‘X’. So, what occurs to a demi-god’s vital belongings after demise?

How about, for instance, his yacht?

Yep, it’s right here. Within the constructing. They needed to briefly knock down a wall, however they obtained it inside. It’s surrounded by framed pictures of Kim Jong-Il having fun with life aboard, the room’s partitions are even engraved in gold Korean Hangul of the boat’s historical past. Each nice males owned a Mercedes too that are on show, as is Kim Jong-Il’s golf cart utilized in his later years, all of that are propped up on marble blocks and roped off like a Maserati gross sales showroom.

However Kim Jong-Il’s personal practice takes the cake. The very carriage he died inside a suspected coronary heart assault sits inside a customized constructed room, interactive boards on the partitions present in intricate element all of the places worldwide the practice had visited. He was afraid of flying.

One of many guides defined – “Supreme Chief Kim Jong-Il died of overwork, he was underneath nice psychological and bodily pressure, it was sudden, and the practice right here is strictly as he left it.”

Peering via the practice window, a porthole into his personal life, there was a 17” MacBook Professional on his desk. I can’t say I anticipated that. Properly, this settles it women and gents, Macs are higher than PC. Papers have been sprawled over his remaining workspace with out overlap, his boots completely straightened and his seat confronted us photogenically as if for a real-estate shoot. His dwelling area positive was clear. Immaculate, the truth is. No man aside from Pricey Chief is that this tidy.

It’s value noting that South Korean intelligence confirmed that Kim Jong-Il’s practice didn’t transfer within the days main as much as, or on the alleged day of Kim Jong-Il’s dying.

dprk-mausoleum-ladiesdprk-mausoleum-ladiesThe blue and white conventional gown was the popular apparel of native tour guides and people in formal roles in all elements of the nation.

We started to exit the palace the identical approach we entered, passing lots of of North Korean civilians arriving for his or her obligatory visitation. Each individual, whether or not man, lady or baby, previous, younger or disabled should go to their Beloved Father at the very least as soon as of their lifetime, by regulation. These visiting from rural areas have been apparent, their faces displaying distinct indicators of malnourishment and have been wearing silk go well with jackets on their naked sun-blazoned pores and skin. Many smiled at us as they shuffled previous. Most have been detached and seemingly numb to the expertise. All have been noticeably brief, solely as tall as my shoulder, and I’m not a big bloke.

Our final cease was one which appropriately summed up the go to, an influence assertion to us on the impact of the Everlasting President’s dying worldwide. This room was the Corridor of Lamentation. An empty room with a single purple rug and delightful low hanging chandeliers, the partitions containing framed depictions of North Korean and, strikingly, worldwide outpourings of grief in the course of the 10-day state endorsed ‘mourning interval’ following that unforgettable information. It’s virtually as in the event that they’ve one thing to show. I don’t keep in mind seeing this on the information in Australia. However, I’ll have slept in that day.

Then, we line up and bow one final time and eventually, we left the Kumsusan Palace of the Solar.


That was my response. I don’t assume some other phrase might sum it up. I needed North Korea and nicely, I received North Korea within the Kumsusan Palace of the Solar.

dprk-mausoleum-gardens-medprk-mausoleum-gardens-meI couldn’t miss the chance. I don’t assume a smile was that nicely acquired, nevertheless.

I wouldn’t say I used to be stunned, nevertheless it was definitely confronting to see that on this nation notorious for many years of human rights violations, these accountable are certainly nonetheless held up as demi-gods by most, serving not because the embodiments of repression, however as an alternative as inspiration to a inhabitants oblivious to their very misfortune. This was evident, and, it was actual. The endearment and heartache for these fallen males appeared disturbingly genuine. The Kumsusan Palace of the Solar is by all accounts a wonderfully choreographed propaganda artwork piece of indoctrinated North Korean religion, it’s what to consider, the best way to consider and when to consider it. In North Korea, there isn’t a freedom of data, the residents know no different, Kim Il-Sung and Kim Jong-Il have lengthy been their solely suppliers. They’ve put the meals on their tables, constructed their houses, organized their jobs and led the fatherland to patriotic ‘victory’ towards invaders.

Right here, on this palace, they provide their thanks.

But, it’s value remembering that in societies ruled by faith, secular (or non-believer) cells will all the time exist. North Korea is not any totally different. People who match into this class, no small quantity by any means, may also go to the Kumsusan Palace of the Solar. They may achieve this with their mouths shut. That’s the great thing about a totalitarian regime. For these of you left questioning the million greenback query:”Do they really consider in it, although?” I’d say the reply is sure and the reply is not any. North Korean’s are led down the backyard path since start however no, they’re not the clean canvasses of naivety we wish to fake. Of their world, important considering is an invention and never taught, and all the inhabitants is forcefully left in a situation of infantilism by a repressive regime the place demise is given to dissenters — all I’m saying is that the sunshine on the finish of the tunnel is additional for them than it’s for us, however many nonetheless see it. Defectors aren’t leaving North Korea as a result of they’ve full religion within the Juche concept.

We strolled via the Mausoleum grounds afterwards, swans resting peacefully within the surrounding moat. There was a pervasive feeling of confusion amongst us with the environment just like that of a post-funeral reception. We have been hesitant to convey cheer again into the state of affairs so quickly round our passionate guides.


As we left, others started to reach destined for a similar exhausting induction. Strains of faculty youngsters march previous us in formation, wide-eyed and entrusting of their faculty instructor, main them just like that of the pied piper. They have been harmless, nonetheless studying the ropes of life, solely but a primary grasp of expectations and values, obligations and function, rights and wrongs — no totally different to younger youngsters anyplace else on the earth.

Seconds later I look again to see these youngsters stopped and assembling for knowledgeable photograph to a backdrop in contrast to anyplace else on this world.

The subsequent era.

P.S – What are your ideas on the Mausoleum? Are North Korean individuals really indoctrinated, or ruled primarily by worry? I’d love to listen to what you assume within the feedback under! Cheers, Elliott.

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